JOHN KNOX-SCOTLAND'S RELIGIOUS REFORMER
Tuesday, October 03, 2006
A short life history:
- Born about 1514 in Haddington of townsfolk stock.
- Ordained as a priest but did not serve a parish.
- Qualified as a Notary ( equivalent to modern day Solicitor).
- Tutored sons of country gentlemen.
- Developed bitter hatred of Church of Rome due to the burning of his mentor, Wishart.
- Was captured by the French at St. Andrews garrison in 1547 and became a galley slave.
- Released from slavery in 1549 and made way to England; considered a safe place for a man of his views.
- Invited to preach before the young King Edward VI who was being brought up as a Protestant.
- Was offered and refused the Bishopric of Rochester.
- When Mary succeeded to the throne in 1553, Knox fled to the Continent, first Frankfort then Geneva where the Reformation was directed by John Calvin who systematized a radical Protestant theology.
- England reverted to Catholicism under Mary Tudor and her husband, Philip II.
- Scotland became a satellite of France.
- Knox spent some months in Scotland in 1555-6 preaching in a number of houses. Then left for Geneva.
- Mary Tudor dies 17th November 1558.
- England moves to Protestantism.
- Scots and English share affinity of purpose-free from servitude to France, Spain and the Pope.
- Knox lands in Scotland in 1559.
- In 1560 Knox returns to the pulpit in St. Giles.
- In August 1560 Parliament abolished the authority of the Pope, forbade the Mass and approved a reformed Confession of Faith.
- Knox denounces Queen Mary's mass.
- Knox dies in Edinburgh on 24th November 1572.
posted by Catswhiskers @ 12:11 PM