Robert the Bruce
Saturday, September 30, 2006
A Short History
- Born 1276, a
descended noble who had paid homage to Edward I. Norman
- Began to grow restive and together with Red John Comyn and others began to plot resistance to the English.
- Plotters met at a church in 1306, the Greyfriars Kirk at
Dumfries. A quarrel ensued and Bruce stabbed Comyn to death.
- Murder in a church amounted to sacrilege and he was excommunicated. Also the murder triggered a blood feud with the Comyns and their allies. Bruce’s position was precarious.
- However, on
27/3/1306Bruce went to Scone(near ) and had himself crowned King. Visit historic Scone with catswhiskerstours Perth
- Edward sent an army to
which defeated Bruce at Methven on June 20th. Bruce’s troops were scattered and he became an outlaw. Bruce’s allies were hung drawn and quartered. Scotland
- Bruce went into hiding on
Arranand and the Rathlin Island Hebrides.
- Bruce returned in Spring 1307. A successful guerrilla campaign and battle victories followed.
- In June 1307, Edward I (now sick) sets off for
as head of a great army. However, he dies on Scotland 7/7/1307at Burgh-on-Sands.
- Edward II was weak and left the English garrisons in
to fend for themselves. Scotland
- During 1309 Bruce controlled most of
north of the Scotland Forthand Clyde.
- Was secretly recognised as King by the king of
- In 1310 the Church in
endorsed him. Scotland
- In 1311 he invaded and devastated northern
- Edward II marched against Bruce and on
June 24th 1314met Bruce at where Bruce was outnumbered three to one. However, Bruce had chosen the better ground and won the day. Bannockburn
- Henceforth, the English made little attempt to keep a hold on
- English try to have new Pope confirm excommunication but this provokes strong reaction from the Scottish establishment. They meet in Arbroath in April 1320 and comprised the famous declaration to Bruce and to liberty.
- The Pope agrees to annul the excommunication.
- In 1327 Edward III becomes King of England.
- A Treaty of Peace between
and England was signed in May 1328 recognising Scotland as an independent country and Robert the Bruce as King. Bruce’s baby son David was married to Edward III’s little sister, Joan. Scotland
- Bruce dies 1329 at age 53 at Cardross, some say of leprosy.
posted by Catswhiskers @ 5:47 AM